Is Gorilla Trekking Ethical?
There are just over 1000 mountain gorillas left in the world today.
When Bwindi Impenetrable National Park first opened up to tourists in 1993, only one of two gorilla families lived in the area. Since then, the number of gorilla families in the forest has increased to 19.
If gorilla trekking in Uganda wasn’t a thing, there'd likely be no more gorillas left in the wild. In 2018, they were moved from critically endangered to endangered. This is a huge step forward, and has been made possible by the thousands of visit them every year.
In order to trek gorillas, you need to purchase a permit from the Uganda Wildlife Authority. The standard permit allows you to spend one hour with the gorillas, and the majority of the money goes directly to conservation, with a small amount going to the local community.
By purchasing a permit you’re directly supporting the conservation of the gorillas, protecting the gorillas from poachers, and helping with invaluable research.
This link between gorilla trekking and conservation efforts was made dramatically clear during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. The closure of the park and the lack of tourists meant that poaching increased during the year. A 25-year-old silverback Rafiki, leader to a family of 17, went missing in June. His body was discovered a day later, and it was confirmed that he was killed by a poacher.
Tourism is important, it is the engine behind the conservation efforts of these amazing animals. That said, conservation is always valued over profit, and there are strict rules to limit the number of visitors allowed each day, and protocols are in place to ensure the trekking is done in a way that does not cause any distress to the gorillas, or any damage to their environment.
All gorillas in Bwindi have undergone a habituation process, meaning they’ve been slowly exposed to humans over a long period of time, until they are no longer fearful, or aggressive.
The rules put in place
You’ll be given a detailed briefing by your guide before your gorilla trek. During the briefing, your guide will outline the rules you must follow. These include:
- Keep 7 metres away from the gorillas at all times to prevent the risk of spreading diseases
- If you’re unwell, do not attend a trek
- Do not eat or drink around the gorillas
- Never feed the gorillas
- Be careful not to drop any rubbish
- Do not touch the gorillas
- Try to avoid looking them directly in the eye, as this can be perceived as you challenging them, which can cause them to charge
- If gorillas charge, look down, crouch down slowly, and be quiet
- Avoid making any loud noises
- Do not purchase souvenirs made out of wildlife products
- No flash photography, as this can scare them
- Listen to the instructions of your guide at all times
If you respect the rules, gorilla trekking is ethical. They’re likely to remain a conservation-dependent species, so it’s imperative we continue to support them.
Ready to visit the gorillas?
The tours below showcase just some of what is possible. Use these itineraries as starting points, or to draw inspiration. Then get in touch, and let our expert team help craft the perfect itinerary for you.
Chimpanzee & Gorilla Fly-In Safari
Combine chimp trekking in Kibale Forest with mountain gorilla treks in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. A well-paced highlights tour unlocking some of Uganda's most impressive experiences. Consider breaking up the journey from Kibale to Bwindi with a classic safari at…
- 7 Days
Classic Gorilla Fly-In Safari
If you had the chance to trek through lush forests; to stand metres away from a family of Mountain Gorillas - deep in the heart of Central Africa - would you take it? This 4-day adventure works great as a…
- 4 Days
Gorilla Treks & Lake Retreats
Combine gorilla trekking in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park with beautiful lakeside retreats at Lake Mutanda. Tough treks and primate encounters paired with idyllic, calming lakes and oases make for an unforgettable experience in this remote pocket of Uganda.…
- 6 Days
Luxury Gorilla Fly-in Safari
Board a Cessna light aircraft and head into the southwestern pocket of Uganda. Trek through the forests of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in search of the mountain gorillas. Retreat to luxury lodges for sundowners and delicious food. Hard days, soft…
- 4 Days
Luxury Safari and Gorilla Habituation
Spend 4 hours in the company of a gorilla family by joining the habituation trek. Combined with a luxury safari at Queen Elizabeth National Park, this trip offers truly once-in-a-lifetime wildlife…
- 7 Days
Safaris & Gorillas of Uganda
Combine safaris in Murchison Falls National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park with a 4 day gorilla trek in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. Top and tail with overnights in the bustling capital of Kampala.…
- 12 Days
Snow Capped Peaks & Mountain Gorillas
Trek the Rwenzori Mountains where forests morph into ice-clad mountain peaks, cut through jungle thickets to hang out with mountain gorillas, and finish your trip relaxing lakeside amongst the staggering beauty of Lake Mutanda. This is Uganda.…
- 15 Days
Ultimate Gorilla Experience
Two visits to the gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, moving through the forest along the most awesome trekking routes, and staying the night at the best lodges and exclusive camps in the park. This is Uganda gorilla trekking at…
- 6 Days
Volcanoes, Gorillas and Great Lakes
Travel to the farthest corners of Uganda where towering volcanoes mark the border between the thick jungles of Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and the untamed vastness of central Africa. After trekking the gorillas in Mgahinga, head inland for a couple…
- 6 Days
The Very Best of Uganda
The quintessence of Ugandan exploration. Start your adventure in the wild Kidepo Valley in the northern tip of Uganda before weaving down to meet the gorillas in southwestern jungles. Epic landscapes, incredible safaris, and luxury lodges; this is a proper…
- 20 Days
Uganda's Epic Southwest
Open top road trips looping through Uganda's epic southwestern pocket; this is the safari adventure of your imagination. Track chimpanzees in Kibale Forest, go in search of gorillas in Bwindi, cruise the savannah plains of Queens, and look out for…
- 14 Days
The full western circuit complete with luxury lodges, gorilla and chimpanzee trekking, and the best safaris Uganda has to offer. Close out your adventure with kayaking and canoeing on the rapids of the river Nile.…
- 16 Days